Remote Access Windows 10 Pro

A virtual private network (VPN) is one of the most popular methods to access files and resources (such as apps, intranet websites, and printers) using an encrypted connection from a remote location and through the internet.

Usually, companies use VPN to extend their private network to allow employees to access resources through a public network as if they were directly connected to the company’s network.

  1. In that case, you can turn to a built-in Windows 10 tool called Quick Assist. Through Quick Assist, which requires permission from a person at the remote PC, you can opt to either view the screen.
  2. Before you can use it, you'll need to enable access. In the search box on the taskbar, type remote assistance, and then select Allow Remote Assistance invitations to be sent from this computer from the list of results. Then, on the Remote tab, select the Allow Remote Assistance connections to this computer check box, and then select OK.
  3. Windows 10 Fall Creator Update (1709) or later. You can configure your PC for remote access with a few easy steps. On the device you want to connect to, select Start and then click the Settings icon on the left. Select the System group followed by the Remote Desktop item. Use the slider to enable Remote Desktop.
  4. We tested remote access software by installing each app or service on four machines: desktops running Windows 10 and Windows 7, a laptop running Windows 7, and a Mac laptop running macOS.

Windows 10, like other versions of the operating system, has a feature called “Incoming Connection” that enables you to set up a VPN server to connect remotely to your home network to access your computer’s files and peripherals, and even other computers in the network.

Pro

In this guide, you will learn how to set up a VPN server on your Windows 10 computer without the need for extra software on the Home or Pro version of the operating system.

Windows 10 Pro costs $200 and up. If you’re currently running Home and want to upgrade to Pro for remote desktop access, go to Update and Security and then Activation from the settings menu.

How to find your IP address information

The first thing you need to know is the public IP address that has been assigned to you by your Internet Service Provider (ISP). You will need this information to contact your VPN server remotely.

To find out your current public IP address, use these steps:

  1. Open your web browser.

  2. Open search an engine like Google or Bing.

  3. Search “What’s my IP.”

  4. Confirm your public address information in the first result.

If you are setting up the “Incoming Connection” feature in your home computer, you probably have a dynamic public IP address, which can change at any time. If this is the case, you will need to configure DDNS (Dynamic Domain Name System) in your router to avoid having to configure the VPN setup every time your public IP address changes.

Here are the instructions that will help you set up DDNS on your router. You can also visit your router’s manufacturer website for more assistance to configure DDNS.

How to set up port forwarding on router

To be able to connect through a public network (such as the internet) to your home VPN server, you will need to forward port 1723 (Point to Point Tunneling Protocol (PPTP)) to allow VPN connections.

Here are the instructions that will help you set up port forwarding on your router. You can also visit your router’s manufacturer website for more specific assistance to configure Port Forwarding.

How to set up a VPN server on Windows 10

Once you have set up DDNS to use a domain name instead of a complicated IP address and forwarded port 1723, you are now ready to set up a VPN server on your device.

To create a VPN server on Windows 10, use these steps:

  1. Open Control Panel on Windows 10.

  2. Click on Network and Sharing Center.

  3. Using the left pane, click the Change adapter settings link.

  4. On “Network Connections,” open the File menu pressing the Alt key, and select the New Incoming Connection option.

  5. Check the users that you want to have VPN access to your computer, and click the Next button.

    Alternatively, you can click the Add someone button to create a new VPN user:

  6. Check the Through the Internet option.

  7. Click the Next button.

  8. On the networking software page, select the Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) option.

  9. Click the Properties button.

  10. Check the Allow callers to access my local area network option.

  11. Under the “IP address assignment” section, click the Specify IP addresses option and configure the number of clients allowed to access using a VPN connection.

    Quick tip: In this setting, you will be telling the number of users that can access the network by specifying an IP address range. It is recommended that you use a high-order range of IP addresses to help avoid conflicts in the network with the IPs distributed by your router. To find out the range of IP addresses you can use, navigate your router’s settings page and look for the DHCP settings.
  12. Click the OK button.

  13. Click the Allow access button.

  14. Click the Close button to complete setting up the VPN server on Windows 10.

Once you complete the steps, the VPN server will be created, but it won’t work until you configure the firewall to allow connections.

How to allow VPN connections through firewall

While configuring the Incoming Connection feature on Windows 10 should automatically open the necessary Windows Firewall ports, you want to make sure the firewall is properly configured.

To allow VPN connections through the firewall on Windows 10, use these steps:

  1. Open Start on Windows 10.

  2. Search for Allow an app through Windows Firewall, and click the top result to open the experience.

  3. Click the Change settings button.

  4. Scroll down and make sure Routing and Remote Access is allowed on Private and Public.

  5. Click the OK button.

After you complete the steps, the Windows 10 VPN server will now be able to receive connections remotely from other computers.

How to set up a VPN connection on Windows 10

Once you finish setting up the VPN server on Windows 10, you will need to configure the devices that can remotely access the local network. You can set up any device and phone (including Android and iPhone). Here are the instructions to set up a VPN connection on Windows 10.

After adding a VPN connection on your computer, you have to adjust the settings with these steps:

  1. Open Control Panel.

  2. Click on Network & Internet.

  3. Click on Network and Sharing Center.

  4. Click the Change adapter settings link from the left pane.

  5. Right-click the VPN adapter and select the Properties option.

  6. In the General tab, make sure you are using the correct domain you created while configuring DDNS — or at least you are using the correct public IP address.

  7. Click on the Security tab.

  8. Use the “Type of VPN” drop-down menu and select the Point to Point Tunneling Protocol (PPTP) option.

  9. Use the “Data encryption” drop-down menu and select the Maximum strength encryption (disconnect if server declines) option.

  10. Click the OK button.

  11. Click on the Networking tab.

  12. Uncheck the Internet Protocol Version 6 (TCP/IPv6) option.

  13. Check the Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) option.

  14. Select the Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) option.

  15. Click the Properties button.

  16. Click the Advanced button.

  17. Clear the “Use default gateway on remote network” option.

    Important: We are disabling this option to prevent your web traffic from going through the remote connection, which can slow down the internet experience. However, if you are looking to access the internet through a VPN connection, then do not change this last setting.
  18. Click the OK button.

  19. Click the OK button again.

  20. Click the OK button once more.

  21. Open Settings.

  22. Click on Network & Internet.

  23. Click on VPN.

  24. Select the VPN connection option and click the Connect button.

Remote Access Windows 10 Professional

While there are many solutions to allow users to connect remotely to a private network using a VPN connection, you can set up your own server with the tools built within Windows 10 without the need for extra software.

Windows 10 Pro Setup Remote Access

Also, one of the best benefits of setting up a VPN server on your Windows 10 PC is that it’s not only secure and reliable, but it’s a great alternative for users who are still skeptical about cloud services to store their data. Even more, through a virtual private network, you can even access your device using the remote desktop feature on Windows 10.

Update March 1, 2021: This guide was originally published in May 2016 and revised in March 2021 for the latest version of Windows 10.

Remote access effectively allows you to control everything on your computer as if you were directly connected to it. In Windows 10, you can do this through the Windows Remote Desktop feature that allows you (or others) to connect to your computer remotely over a network connection.
Unfortunately, hackers can exploit Remote Desktop to gain control of remote systems and install malware or steal personal information. It’s a good idea to keep the remote access feature turned off unless you actively need it. By default, the feature is disabled. Once enabled, however, it’s easy to disable it again.

Remote desktop windows 10 pro

Windows 10 ships with Remote Desktop, so you do not need to have explicitly installed it. Once installed and set up, disabling it is similar to previous versions of Windows. But now you can use the Cortana search box.

Steps to Disable Remote Access in Windows 10

  1. Type “remote settings” into the Cortana search box.

    Select “Allow remote access to your computer”. This may seem counter-intuitive, but this opens the Control panel dialog for Remote System Properties.

  2. Check “Don’t Allow Remote Connections” to this Computer.

    You’ve now disabled remote access to your computer.

Does your company have a policy about Remote Desktop?

Many companies run their business operations on Windows systems. In fact, if your company has a cybersecurity program in place, there may be a policy in place that forbids the use of remote access.

This kind of security policy or procedure is critical to communicate to employees. You want to protect your customer information or intellectual property from data breaches, which have become alarmingly common.

A comprehensive set of cybersecurity policies is the first step to securing your business against malware or the theft of personal information. You may also find questions about remote access on a vendor security questionnaire sent to your company.

Does your business have policies and procedures to guard against cyberattacks?