Parallels 14

The Synoptic Gospel Parallels with John's Gospel

Parallels

The synoptic Gospels are the first three Gospels of the New Testament, Matthew, Mark and Luke and are considered as one unit. The Gospel parallels provided here also include the Gospel of John for comparison. The term synoptic is derived from a combination of the Greek words συν (syn = together) and οψις (opsis = seeing) to indicate that the contents of these three Gospels can be viewed side-by-side, whether in a vertical parallel column synopsis, or a horizontal synoptic alignment. These first three books have been called the synoptic Gospels since the 18th century and are so called because they give similar accounts of the ministry of Jesus. The term is also applied to apocryphal works of the 2nd century (e.g., The Gospel of Thomas). The Gospel according to John has a number of points of contact with the three synoptic Gospels but differs considerably from them in content and therefore not all Gospel synopses display the book of John. The fourth canonical gospel of John differs significantly from the synoptics in terms of Christology, which is the field of study within Christian theology which is concerned with the nature of Jesus the Christ, in particular, how the divine and human are related in his person. Christology is generally less concerned with the details of Jesus' life than it is with how the human and divine co-exist in one person.

The synoptic gospels often recount the same stories about Jesus, though sometimes with different and more or less detail, but mostly following the same sequence and to a large extent using the same words. The question of the relationship between the three is called the synoptic problem. This problem concerns the literary relationships between and among the first three canonical gospels of Mark, Matthew, and Luke collectively known as the synoptic Gospels. Similarity in word choices and event placement shows an interrelationship. The synoptic problem concerns how this interrelation came to pass and what the nature of this interrelationship is. Any solution must account for the similarities and differences in content, order, and wording. Possible answers speculate either a direct relationship (one Evangelist possessed one of the gospels) or indirect (two Evangelists having access to a shared source).

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Most Protestant and some Roman Catholic scholars agree that Matthew and Luke were written later than Mark, which they followed closely. Matthew then divided Mark into five portions and used them in order, separating them by other material. Luke divided the book only in two, nine chapters being inserted between. Mark however, only accounts for half of the other two Gospels. Matthew and Luke each have about 100 verses in common, most of them sayings like the Beatitudes. Views about the dating of all four Gospels vary greatly from about 60–70 AD until the end of the first century where it is believed the Gospel of John was last written.

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The tables of Gospel parallels here are where necessary repeated to give a continuous series of references in canonical order for each of the four gospels. The bold type in the tables indicates the verses in order for each gospel. For example, pericopes that are identical except for the difference in bold type shows that the pericope in bold comes before the other reference for the other gospel not in bold face. This done so the person using these synoptic Gospel parallels can scan down each Gospel's column, stopping only for the bold references, to get all the references and Gospel parallels in order for each Gospel.

Parallels

1. Preface

PericopeMatthewMarkLukeJohn
Prologue1:11:11:1-41:1-18

2. Birth and Childhood

PericopeMatthewMarkLukeJohn
The Promise of the Birth of John the Baptist1:5-25
The Annunciation1:26-38
Mary's Visit to Elizabeth1:39-56
The Birth of John the Baptist1:57-80
The Genealogy of Jesus1:2-173:23-38
The Birth of Jesus1:18-252:1-7
The Adoration of the Infant Jesus2:1-122:8-20
The Circumcision and Presentation in the Temple2:21-38
The Flight into Egypt and Return2:13-21
The Childhood of Jesus at Nazareth2:22-232:39-40
The Boy Jesus in the Temple2:41-52

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3. Preparation

PericopeMatthewMarkLukeJohn
John the Baptist3:1-61:2-63:1-61:19-23
John's Preaching of Repentance3:7-103:7-9
John Preaching and Replies to Questioners3:10-14
John's Messianic Preaching3:11-121:7-83:15-181:24-28
The Imprisonment of John14:3-46:17-183:19-20
The Baptism of Jesus3:13-171:9-113:21-221:29-34
The Genealogy of Jesus1:1-173:23-38
The Temptation4:1-111:12-134:1-13

4. The Beginning of Jesus' Public Ministry (According to John)

PericopeMatthewMarkLukeJohn
The Call of the First Disciples1:35-51
The Marriage at Cana2:1-11
The Sojourn at Capernaum2:12
The First Journey to Jerusalem2:13
The First Cleansing of the Temple2:14-22
Jesus' Ministry in Jerusalem2:23-25
The Discourse with Nicodemus3:1-21
Jesus' Ministry in Judea3:22
John's Testimony to Christ3:23-36

5. Jesus' Ministry in Galilee

PericopeMatthewMarkLukeJohn
The Journey into Galilee4:121:14a4:14a4:1-3
The Discourse with the Woman of Samaria4:4-42
Ministry in Galilee4:13-171:14b-154:14b-154:43-46a
Jesus' Preaching at Nazareth13:53-586:1-6a4:16-30
The Call of the Disciples4:18-221:16-20
Teaching in the Synagogue at Capernaum1:21-224:31-32
Healing of the Demoniac in the Synagogue1:23-284:33-37
The Healing of Peter's Mother-in-law8:14-151:29-314:38-39
The Sick Healed at Evening8:16-171:32-344:40-41
Jesus Departs from Capernaurn1:35-384:42-43
First Preaching Tour in Galilee4:231:394:44
The Miraculous Catch of Fish5:1-11
The Cleansing of the Leper8:1-41:40-455:12-16
The Healing of the Paralytic9:1-82:1-125:17-265:8-9a
The Call of Levi (Matthew)9:9-132:13-175:27-32
The Question about Fasting9:14-172:18-225:33-39
Plucking Grain on the Sabbath12:1-82:23-286:1-5
The Man with the Withered Hand12:9-143:1-66:6-11
Jesus Heals Multitudes by the Sea4:24-25
12:15-16
3:7-126:17-19
The Choosing of the Twelve10:1-43:13-196:12-16

6. The Sermon on the Mount (According to Matthew)

PericopeMatthewMarkLukeJohn
Occasion of the Sermon4:24-5:23:7-13a6:17-20a
The Beatitudes5:3-126:20b-23
The Salt of the Earth5:139:49-5014:34-35
The Light of the World5:14-164:218:16
On the Law and the Prophets5:17-2016:16-17
On Murder and Anger 5:21-2612:57-59
On Adultery and Divorce5:27-329:43-4816:18
On Swearing and Oaths5:33-37
On Retaliation5:38-426:29-30
On Love of One's Enemies5:43-486:27-28
6:32-36
On Almsgiving6:1-4
On Prayer6:5-6
The Lord's Prayer6:7-1511:2511:1-4
On Fasting6:16-18
On Treasures6:19-2112:33-34
The Sound Eye6:22-2311:34-36
On Serving Two Masters6:2416:13
On Anxiety6:25-3412:22-32
On Judging7:1-54:24-256:37-42
On Profaning the Holy7:6
God's Answering of Prayer7:7-1111:9-13
The Golden Rule7:126:31
The Straight and Narrow and Wide Broad Gate 7:13-1413:23-24
The Test of a Good Person, “By their Fruits”7:15-20
12:33-35
6:43-45
Not Every One who “Says Lord, Lord” shall Enter into the Kingdom7:21-236:46
13:25-27
The House Built upon the Rock7:24-276:47-49
The End and the Effect of the Sermon7:28-291:21-22

7. The Sermon on the Plain (According to Luke)

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Parallels
PericopeMatthewMarkLukeJohn
Occasion of the Sermon4:24-5:23:7-13a6:17-20a
The Beatitudes5:3-126:20b-23
The Woes6:24-26
On Love of One's Enemies5:38-486:27-36
On Judging7:1-54:24-256:37-42
The Test of a Good Person, “By their Fruits”7:15-20
12:33-35
6:43-45
The House Built upon the Rock7:21-276:46-49

8. Jesus' Ministry in Galilee Continued

PericopeMatthewMarkLukeJohn
Healing and Cleansing of the Leper8:1-41:40-455:12-16
The Centurion of Capernaum and his Servant 8:5-137:307:1-10
13:28-29
4:46b-54
The Widow's Son at Nain7:11-17
The Healing of Peter's Mother-in-law8:14-151:29-314:38-39
The Sick Healed at Evening8:16-171:32-344:40-41
On Following Jesus, the Would-be Followers 8:18-229:57-62
Stilling the Storm8:23-274:35-418:22-25
The Gadarene Demoniacs8:28-345:1-208:26-39
The Healing of the Paralytic9:1-82:1-125:17-265:8-9a
The Call of Levi (Matthew)9:9-132:13-175:27-32
The Question about Fasting9:14-172:18-225:33-39
Jairus' Daughter and the Woman with a Hemorrhage9:18-265:21-438:40-56
Two Blind Men Healed 9:27-31
20:29-34
10:46-5218:35-43
The Dumb Demoniac Healed 9:32-34
12:22-24
3:2211:14-15
The Harvest is Great9:35-386:6b
6:34
8:1
10:2
Commissioning the Twelve10:1-166:7-11
3:13-19
6:12-16
9:1-6
10:3
The Coming Fate and Persecution of the Disciples10:17-25
24:9-14
13:9-136:40
12:11-12
21:12-19
13:16
Exhortation to Fearless Confession10:26-3312:2-9
Divisions within Households10:34-3612:51-53
Conditions of Discipleship10:37-3914:25-27
17:33
12:25
Rewards of Discipleship10:40-429:4110:1613:20
Continuation of Journey11:1
John the Baptist's Question and Jesus' Answer11:2-67:18-23
Jesus' Witness concerning John11:7-197:24-35
16:16
Woes Pronounced on Galilean Cities11:20-2410:12-15
Jesus' Thanksgiving to the Father11:25-2710:21-22
“Come unto Me”11:28-30
Plucking Grain on the Sabbath12:1-82:23-286:1-5
Healing the Withered Hand12:9-143:1-66:6-11
Jesus Heals Multitudes by the Sea12:15-213:7-126:17-19
The Woman with the Ointment26:6-1314:3-97:36-5012:1-8
The Ministering Women8:1-3
Jesus is Thought to be Beside Himself3:20-21
On Collusion with Satan12:22-30
9:32-34
3:22-2711:14-15
11:17-23
The Sin against the Holy Spirit12:31-37
7:16-20
3:28-3012:10
6:43-45
Against Seeking Signs, the Sign of Jonah12:38-42
16:1-4
8:11-1211:16
11:29-32
The Return of the Unclean Evil Spirit12:43-4511:24-26
Jesus' True Kindred Relatives 12:46-503:31-358:19-2115:14
The Parable of the Sower13:1-94:1-98:4-8
The Reason for Speaking in Parables13:10-174:10-12
4:25
8:9-10
8:18b
10:23-24
Interpretation of the Parable of the Sower13:18-234:13-208:11-15
“He who has Ears to Hear, Let him Hear”5:15
7:2
10:26
13:12
4:21-258:16-18
The Parable of the Seed Growing Secretly4:26-29
The Parable of the Tares (Weeds) 13:24-30
The Parable of the Mustard Seed13:31-324:30-3213:18-19
The Parable of the Leaven (Yeast) 13:3313:20-21
Jesus' Use of Parables13:34-354:33-34
Interpretation of the Parable of the Tares13:36-43
The Parables of the Hidden Treasure and of the Pearl13:44-46
The Parable of the Net13:47-50
Treasures New and Old13:51-52
Jesus' True Kindred Relatives 12:46-503:31-358:19-2115:14
Stilling the Storm8:23-274:35-418:22-25
The Gerasene Demoniac8:28-345:1-208:26-39
Jairus' Daughter and the Woman with a Hemorrhage9:18-265:21-438:40-56
Jesus is Rejected at Nazareth13:53-586:1-6a4:16-30
Second Journey (to Jerusalem)5:1
The Healing at the Pool called Bethesda 5:2-47
Commissioning the Twelve9:35
10:1-16
6:6b-139:1-6
Herod Thinks Jesus is John, Raised 14:1-26:14-169:7-9
The Death of John the Baptist14:3-126:17-293:19-20
The Return of the Apostles6:30-319:10a
Feeding the Five Thousand14:13-216:32-449:10b-176:1-15
The Walking on the Water14:22-336:45-526:16-21
Healings at Gennesaret14:34-366:53-566:22-25
The Bread of Life6:26-59
What Defiles a Person - Traditional and Real15:1-207:1-2311:37-41
6:39
The Syrophoenician (Canaanite) Woman15:21-287:24-30
Jesus Heals a Deaf Mute and Many Others15:29-317:31-37
Feeding of the Four Thousand15:32-398:1-10
The Pharisees Seek a Sign16:1-4
12:38-39
8:11-1311:16
11:29
12:54-56
The Leaven (Yeast) of the Pharisees 16:5-128:14-2112:1
A Blind Man is Healed at Bethsaida8:22-26

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John and the Synoptic Gospels Comparison Chart - Page 2.